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Pregnancy can cause many changes in the body, including changes in hormones and pelvic muscles. Some of these changes cause back pain for pregnant women.
According to the Health Care Agency based in the USA, there are an estimated 6 out of 10 women will face back pain problem while their pregnancy period. This problem usually occurs in the joints and muscles of the backbones.
Causes of back pain during pregnancy
There are multiple causes of back pain in pregnancy tenure. Here I list down some major cause:
1. Hormonal changes
Bones and joints are connected by connective tissue called ligaments. When women become pregnant, the body produces the hormone relaxant that allows the ligaments to relax and loosen the joints.
As a result, the ligaments and muscles around the pelvis become loose due to which back pain generated in the lower part of the spinal cord.
2. Weight gain
Healthy pregnant women will gain weight. The spine responsible for maintaining the body will be loaded with this weight gain. This causes pain in the pelvis and back, especially in the lower area of a vertebrate.
3. Baby growth
The older the age of the uterus, the size of the fetus increases, as does the uterus. The growth of the fetus and the uterus will compress the blood vessels and nerves in the pelvic area due to which this part feels painful.
4. Changes in body posture
Pregnancy can change the center of gravity of the body. In addition, improper posture, standing too long and crouching to lift objects can also make back pain worse.
So that health care specialists always recommended sitting with proper posture. So pregnant women should use an ergonomic chair or Recliner for comfortable sitting. Here is the list of some cheap recliners for back pain.
Both physical and emotional stress during pregnancy can cause back muscle strain. In addition to the effects of the relaxant hormone that relaxes the joints and ligaments. When stress increases, your back may feel more pain.
6. Rarely exercise
One study revealed that pregnant women who rarely exercise have a higher risk of back pain. It is believed that this is because rarely exercise can weaken the muscles and joints of the back.
How to deal with back pain during pregnancy?
To relieve from back pain during pregnancy, do the following remedies:
1) Improves body posture
Try not to turn around or bend over when sitting or standing. Pregnant women are also advised not to delay in one position. Stand or sit straight and stretch your back regularly to avoid pain.
Back pain during pregnancy can also be relieved by sleeping on your side by placing a pillow between your knees, back and under your stomach.
2) Back compresses
Give back compresses with a towel filled with ice cubes. Cold compresses can be administered for 20 minutes and repeated several times a day.
After three days, replace it with warm compresses. The trick is to place a bottle of warm water on the back. When bathing in warm water, pregnant women can try adding Epsom salt or essential oils. This method may help reduce pain.
3) Regular Exercise
Regular exercise can strengthen and increase the flexibility of back muscle and also reduce pressure on the spine. Sports that are safe during pregnancy are prenatal yoga, walking, Kegel exercises, swimming and Pilates.
Try to massage the lower back and the entire back. Ask a therapist to give you a gentle massage. This massage can relieve muscle fatigue and pain. You also use a massage chair that has airbag massage technology, it will give you a real massage therapist touch.
This alternative medicine may help relieve pain. When deciding to do acupuncture massage, be sure to choose trained and experienced professionals.
Chiropractic therapy is safe during pregnancy. However, it is advisable to consult with an obstetrician before performing this treatment and select a chiropractic practice that is reliable and has a valid practice license.
7. Drink painkillers
If back pain during pregnancy is very disturbing, paracetamol can help to relieve pain. However, pregnant women should consult to doctor.
During pregnancy try to avoid high heels because high heels also put pressure on the lower back areas and cause back pain. If you want to lift something on the floor, bend your knees first instead of directly bending the body. If the pain persists or feels even worse, immediately consult a gynecologist.